Import and export are the two major forms of international trade. It is the only way by which you can easily become a major part of the international marketplace and serve the buyers perfectly. People who have an interest in establishing an international business should choose one of these options. Along with it, the interested ones have to focus on the country’s economy and financial conditions as well.
Both types of business are leading to some different impacts on the economy. In case you are establishing an export business, then you can get support from the government as well. If you focus on the establishment of import business, then you may get such support. Mainly the country officials are trying to keep the imports lower and exports higher as much as they can.
If you check out the effects of both types of activities on the economy, then you can find some shocking trends there. In case you are interested in getting more clarity, then you should focus on the upcoming paragraphs.
Before getting into deep details, we should understand both terms first.
The international business activities where two companies from different countries are making a deal. In such a consideration, the buyer plays the role of an importer. In simple words, you can say the activity of buying goods and bringing them to your country is known as an import.
In the internation trade considerations, the seller will be the exporter. Selling and sending goods to companies outside the country can be considered an export and the most preferable mode of international business.
These things can help you in understanding the terms. As you can sense in the definitions, both things are completely opposite to each other. Similarly, the functionings of both things are also opposite. In case a country is highly dependent on imports, then it becomes difficult for them to maintain their stronghold for exports. Here, they need to face several barriers by which they may not establish themselves as a good export player in the international marketplace.
It is the biggest reason that’s why all countries and governments are trying to make sure they maintain a proper balance in exports and imports. Lack of balance can create lots of issues, such as - trade deficit. The most important thing is the exchange rate. Mainly it depends on the currency rate and its value in the internation market.
In the case of the trade deficit, the currency exchange rate starts declining. Due to it, the countries may not be able to maintain the GDP.
GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. Mainly it is used to understand and figure out the current situation of a country’s economy and its growth rate. In case the country’s GDP rate is low, then it represents that the country’s economy is not in good condition and may face multiple problems in managing trade affairs.
Many individuals are interested in understanding how to calculate the GDP of a country. The formula is -
GDP = C + I + G + (X - M)
In the formula, C represents the consumer spending on goods and services, G for government spending on public goods, I stands for investment spendings on business capital goods, X for exports, and M for imports. In the case of X - M condition, if the exports of a country are higher than imports, then it shows positive trends. It represents the trade surplus that indicates the better economic condition of the country as well.
The exchange rate plays the biggest role in the case of international business and the reputation of a country in international trade. It is directly connected to the currency of the country and its value. To maintain a good position in the international market and keep your country growing, the countries are trying to get a hold on the currency of other counties.
It can be possible only with the help of a regular increase in export activities. In case you export the products and services more, then you will get other countries’ currency in the exchange. As a result, you can build your own country’s currency strong and get a hold on others.
However, if your country is importing goods more as compared to the exports, then the flow of currency tends to be outside. Due to it, the condition of the country starts becoming weaker.
When it comes to the development of a country, then inflation becomes the biggest barrier. In case the inflation rate of your country is too high, then the businesses and residents will suffer a lot. Due to it, the manufactures may start getting raw material and other essentials at higher prices. It simply increases the overall production cost and finally, the products are tagged with higher prices.
Higher prices of a product also lead to a drawback by which the individuals are capable of exporting it to other countries. Mainly the countries love to import goods that they are getting at lower prices as compared to their own. In these conditions, the country starts relying on import activities instead of boosting exports.
The inflation also leads to a bad effect on the interest rates. If the inflation rate is higher, then the interest rate of the countries also starts getting higher. The high-interest rate becomes a big reason for the deficit in the currency exchange rate. Here, you can understand how imports can increase inflation in the country and hits badly to the currency exchange rate. All these things are not good for the economy and country growth.
These are some major details by which you can understand the link between import-export and the country’s economy. Export is good for the country and strengthens the economy. But it does not mean you have to abandon the imports. As we discussed before, everyone has to make sure they are maintaining a perfect balance between both.